(also network architecture)
Network topology refers to the arrangement and interconnection of various components within a computer network, including nodes (computers, switches, routers) and links (wired or wireless connections). The structure of a network topology determines how data is transmitted, affecting the network’s performance, reliability, and scalability. Different types of network topologies exist, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.
See also: mesh node, logical topology
When selecting a network topology, consider factors such as cost, complexity, scalability, and performance. For smaller networks, bus and star topologies are common choices due to their simplicity and affordability. For larger networks or those requiring high reliability, mesh topologies are often preferred, despite their complexity and higher costs.
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