(also individual concerned)
Data subject refers to an individual who consents to a data controller collecting, processing, and storing their data. Usually, data subjects are customers, employees, patients, students, and citizens. The data controller is typically an organization or entity that determines the purposes and means of the processing, such as marketing, employment, healthcare, education, or government services. Data subjects have various rights under data protection laws to protect their privacy and autonomy and give them more control over their personal data. Examples include the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the EU, the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) in the US, and the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) in Canada. Data subjects can access their personal data, rectify inaccurate data, ask for erasure, restrict processing, move data, or object to certain types of processing.
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