What is killware?
Killware is a term used to describe malware that causes serious physical harm, or even death. While most malware is deployed to steal private information or extort money from victims, killware poses a much greater threat.
These attacks could take place on any scale, either against one victim, or an entire populace. With almost every aspect of our lives now integrated with the internet, from household appliances to nationwide infrastructure, the impact of a successful killware attack could be devastating.
Is killware different from ransomware?
While ransomware is usually employed to try and extract money from a target, the same software could actually be used as killware.
Ransomware works by taking control of specific systems or files — making a company’s databases inaccessible, for example. Then the attacker can demand a ransom in return for access.
However, if someone were to use the same tactics to shut down a hospital (something that has happened before), this could put people’s lives in very real danger. This is where regular malware crosses the line to become killware.
How would a killware attack be carried out?
There are many different areas which are vulnerable to these attacks, but three specific categories present uniquely high-risk targets.
- Infrastructure. Electrical grids, weather warning systems, and water purification plants are all at least partially run online. And many of these examples have already been targeted by cyberattacks. In early 2021, hackers accessed the central systems of the Oldsmar water treatment plant and tried to add dangerous levels of chemicals to the water. While this attack was prevented before it could escalate, it might be a warning of things to come.
- Hospitals. As demonstrated by a Dusseldorf cyberattack in September 2020, a ransomware operation can cripple a hospital’s systems and put patients at serious risk. Medical institutions in Europe, the UK, and the US have all been targeted before, and these threats are only likely to get worse.
- The Internet of Things. The Internet of Things, or IoT, is a term that covers all our interconnected smart devices, especially those in our homes. And while smart cookers and app-controlled heating systems can be incredibly convenient, they also open you up to enormous risks. If someone were able to hack into your home network and turn on electrical devices without your knowledge, they could put you in serious danger.
What can you do to protect yourself?
Clearly, killware is a problem that will escalate over the coming years, especially in the event of any kind of cyber warfare. The first two examples we gave — infrastructure and hospitals — are largely out of your control. However, there are small steps that you can take to protect yourself at home, from the IoT standpoint.
If you’re going to use smart devices around the house, ensure that your Wi-Fi is protected with strong, randomized passwords, mixing numbers with upper and lowercase letters. An unsecured network is the easiest way for malicious hackers to take control of your home devices.
Then, add an extra layer of security by configuring a VPN on your router, so that all traffic within your home network is encrypted. Services like NordVPN will make it much harder for criminals to use killware — or any other form of malware — to interfere with your smart devices. NordVPN also has the Threat Protection feature that neutralizes cyber threats before they can do any real damage to your device. It helps you identify malware-ridden files, stops you from landing on malicious websites, and blocks trackers and intrusive ads on the spot.