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Vulnerability management system

Vulnerability management system definition

A vulnerability management system is a platform responsible for managing software vulnerabilities. Such vulnerability management systems have a variety of characteristics, each of which is designed to protect software applications and environments against malicious software, viruses, and hacking attempts. Organizations can avoid attacks and minimize damage if they detect, assess, and resolve any security holes in their systems.

Components of a vulnerability management system:

  • Asset discovery and inventory. Asset inventory management solutions enable IT workers to see what assets an organization has, where they are, and how they are used.
  • Vulnerability scanning. To find holes in a system or network, vulnerability scanners often run a series of tests. During these examinations, testers may try to breach security in various ways, such as exploiting a known vulnerability, logging in as a different user than they were originally assigned, or guessing passwords.
  • Patch management. Patch management software lets enterprises apply security patches to their computers. Most patch management solutions automatically search for updates and notify users.
  • Configuration management. Security configuration management (SCM) software helps secure devices, track and approve security settings changes, and comply with security standards.
  • Security incident and event management (SIEM). SIEM software collects real-time security data. SIEM systems monitor the entire digital estate, including IT infrastructure.
  • Penetration testing. Penetration testing software helps IT experts uncover and exploit computer system flaws.
  • Threat intelligence. Threat prevention software helps organizations identify, monitor, analyze, and prioritize risks. These tools help firms spot security threats by analyzing data from exploit databases and security advisories.
  • Remediating vulnerabilities. Remediation involves prioritizing vulnerabilities, determining the next steps, and creating remediation tickets for IT staff. Finally, remediation tracking helps fix vulnerabilities and misconfigurations.

Benefits of a vulnerability management system:

  • Improved security and control. Organizations can prevent attackers from accessing their systems by checking for vulnerabilities and fixing them quickly. Vulnerability management can help firms identify security vulnerabilities before attackers do.
  • Visibility and reporting. Vulnerability management gives IT staff at all levels real-time visibility into potential threats and weaknesses.
  • Operational efficiency. Businesses may save downtime and protect data by identifying and reducing security risks. Improved vulnerability management reduces incident recovery time.