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Syntax error

(also parsing error)

Syntax error definition

A syntax error disrupts the proper structure of code. Often dubbed a parsing error, it acts as a grammar blunder in programming. This error confuses the computer, preventing it from running the code. Errors like missing punctuation or misordered commands trigger this issue.

See also: Parser, Debug symbols

Examples of syntax error

  1. 1.Missing semicolons. In some languages like JavaScript, forgetting a semicolon at the end of a statement causes a syntax error. This tiny omission disrupts the code flow. Programmers must ensure each statement concludes correctly.
  2. 2.Unmatched brackets. If you open a bracket but don't close it, the code gets confused. Balanced opening and closing brackets, such as {} or (), are vital. This balance ensures proper code grouping and function.
  3. 3.Misplaced keywords. Writing keywords in the wrong place or order can throw off a program. For instance, in Python, placing else before if will lead to an error. Keywords should follow the sequence dictated by the language's rules.
  4. 4.Incorrect variable assignment. Trying to assign a value to an undeclared variable results in a syntax error. The variable must first exist or be declared. Only then can it receive a value.
  5. 5.Quotation mark mistakes. Forgetting to close a quotation mark after opening one confuses the compiler. Strings of text in code often require enclosing within quotation marks. Ensuring every opening mark has a corresponding closing mark is crucial.