Skip to main content

Home Root of trust

Root of trust

(also RoT)

Root of trust definition

A root of trust, or RoT, is a foundational component in a trusted computing system that establishes the initial level of trust. It is typically implemented as a hardware or software component trusted to perform critical security operations and protect sensitive information. RoT is responsible for ensuring the integrity and authenticity of the system by securely generating and storing cryptographic keys, validating the integrity of the system’s firmware or software components, and securely bootstrapping the system.

Root of trust examples

  • Secure boot: RoT is often used during secure boot, a process in which the firmware checks the digital signatures of the OS and its components, ensuring they are not tampered with before booting the system.
  • Mobile device security: Mobile devices use RoT for various purposes, such as verifying digital signatures of updates and apps and ensuring data encryption.

Pros and cons of root of trust


  • Enhanced security: RoT provides an added layer of security by ensuring that only trusted software runs on the device.
  • Integrity assurance: RoT helps maintain system integrity by verifying the authenticity of software and updates.


  • Dependence on hardware: If the hardware containing the RoT is compromised, the entire system is potentially at risk.
  • Not immune to all threats: While RoT can prevent many types of attacks, it isn't a cure-all solution and should be part of a comprehensive security approach.