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Risk monitoring

(also risk assessment monitoring)

Risk monitoring definition

Risk monitoring forms a crucial segment of risk management, encompassing the consistent observation and tracking of identified risks impacting a network or information system. This procedure guarantees that changes in the risk scenario are noticed, facilitating prompt identification and reaction to evolving threats or vulnerabilities. Typically, risk monitoring is a perpetual process aimed at sustaining maximum security measures and confirming the successful operation of risk reduction strategies.

See also: internet security, network security protocols

Risk monitoring examples

  • Cybersecurity: Companies monitor risks associated with data breaches, malware attacks, and unauthorized access to systems. For instance, monitoring unusual network traffic patterns could reveal an ongoing cyberattack.
  • Regulatory compliance: Organizations may monitor risks related to changes in privacy laws or industry regulations, which can impact the ways they handle data.

Advantages and disadvantages of risk monitoring


  • Proactive response: Regular risk monitoring allows organizations to detect threats early, providing an opportunity to take mitigating actions before any substantial harm occurs.
  • Improved decision-making: By staying aware of the current risk environment, organizations can make better-informed decisions regarding their cybersecurity strategies and resource allocation.


  • Resource consumption: Risk monitoring can require significant resources, including specialized software tools and trained personnel, to conduct effectively.
  • Potential false positives: Overly sensitive monitoring systems may generate false alarms, leading to wasted resources in investigating non-existent threats.

Using risk monitoring

  • Adopt a comprehensive risk monitoring strategy that includes both automated tools and human analysis to effectively manage potential threats.
  • Integrate risk monitoring with your overall risk management plan to ensure a coordinated response to identified risks.