(also hacktivist, vigilante hacker)
A hacker who acts as a digital activist or a vigilante and uses their hacking knowledge to convey a message. Their reasons for hacking might be political, social, religious, or ideological. Red hat hackers can perform a single attack to expose confidential information and make a statement, or they might work with a broader campaign that uses various methods to, for example, advocate freedom of speech. Red hat hackers use the same tools black hat hackers do, including botnets, malware, and vulnerability exploits. They may team up with white hat hackers if their views on an issue align.
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