(also real-time processing, RTC)
Real-time computing refers to a computing system category that processes information and reacts to input within a particular time constraint, frequently measured in milliseconds. These systems are engineered to manage tasks with time sensitivity and play a crucial role in applications that demand prompt responses. Real-time computing is categorized into two types: hard real-time computing, where missing deadlines may lead to disastrous outcomes, and soft real-time computing, in which infrequent deadline lapses are acceptable.
Real-time computing systems prioritize time-sensitive tasks and aim to complete them within a predetermined time frame, while non-real-time systems do not have such constraints. In non-real-time systems, tasks may be executed in any order, and response times may vary, making them unsuitable for time-critical applications.
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