(also doxware, extortionware)
Leakware is a subtype of ransomware, which attacks victims by stealing and threatening to leak sensitive or confidential information. Unlike classic ransomware, which infects a system, encrypts files, and demands a ransom, leakware collects sensitive data and threatens to expose it if the victim does not comply with the attacker’s demands.
When leakware infects a system or network, it typically starts by searching for valuable information (personal data, financial records, business secrets, or other compromising material). Once the sensitive data is obtained, the attacker sends a demand to the victim, stating that the stolen information will be made public or sold to third parties unless a ransom payment is made.
See also: data breach
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