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Digital twin

Digital twin

(also digital replica, digital shadow)

Digital twin definition

A digital twin refers to a digital simulation of a real-world object, system, or process that leverages real-time information to generate a dynamic and precise model. This technology allows businesses to streamline operations, predict malfunctions, refine product designs, and boost overall effectiveness through the examination and emulation of real-life situations. Digital twins are employed across multiple sectors, including manufacturing, healthcare, energy, and transportation.

Digital twin examples

  • In manufacturing, digital twins can be used to simulate production lines and optimize processes, reducing downtime and increasing efficiency.
  • In healthcare, digital twins of patients can help doctors make better-informed decisions by simulating treatment outcomes and predicting potential side effects.
  • In the energy sector, digital twins can be used to monitor and optimize the performance of power plants, wind turbines, or solar panels, resulting in improved efficiency and reduced maintenance costs.

Comparing digital twin to similar terms

  • Digital twin vs. simulation: While both involve modeling real-world scenarios, digital twins are dynamic and data driven, constantly updating themselves based on real-time data. Simulations, on the other hand, are static models that don’t change with real-world inputs.
  • Digital twin vs. virtual reality: Digital twins focus on creating accurate representations of real-world systems for analysis and optimization, whereas virtual reality is more focused on creating immersive experiences for users.

Pros and cons of digital twin


  • Improved efficiency: Digital twins can help optimize processes and reduce costs by identifying bottlenecks and inefficiencies.
  • Predictive maintenance: By monitoring the health of the equipment, digital twins can predict failures and schedule maintenance, reducing downtime and extending the life of equipment.
  • Enhanced product design: Digital twins can simulate how a product will perform in real-world conditions, enabling companies to improve designs and reduce time to market.


  • Complexity: Creating and maintaining a digital twin requires significant investment in technology, data management, and expertise.
  • Data security: Digital twins rely on the continuous flow of data, raising concerns about data privacy and security.

Ultimate digital security