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Data bank

(also database)

Data bank definition

A data bank is a structured collection of data that is organized in a way that allows for efficient storage, retrieval, and manipulation of information. Data banks are used by businesses, science and healthcare facilities, and government agencies to store and manage large volumes of data.

A data bank typically consists of one or more tables, each of which contains rows and columns of data. The rows represent individual records, while the columns represent the attributes or characteristics of those records. Data banks can be managed using specialized software called database management systems (DBMS), which provide tools for creating, updating, and querying data.

See also: database replication

Using data banks

  • Business. Data banks are used to manage customer data, sales transactions, inventory, and supply chain information. They are also used for marketing, customer relationship management, and business analytics.
  • Healthcare. Electronic health records are a type of data bank that contains patients' medical records, lab results, and treatment plans. Healthcare providers use them to manage patient care, track treatment outcomes, and conduct research.
  • Education. Data banks are used by educators to manage student information, grades, attendance records, and curriculum. They are also useful for analyzing student performance and conducting research.
  • Finance. Banks and financial institutions use data banks to manage customer accounts, transactions, and financial data, as well as risk management, fraud detection, and regulatory compliance.
  • Government. Data banks are used by government agencies for managing public records, census data, law enforcement information, disaster response, public health surveillance, and policy-making.