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Code management

(also source code management, SCM)

Code management definition

Code management is the procedure of overseeing, coordinating, and monitoring modifications to the source code in software development endeavors. Code management entails employing version control systems to keep track of updates, handle cooperation, and enable the integration of alterations contributed by several team members. This approach assists developers in working effectively, preventing clashes, and preserving a record of modifications for more straightforward debugging and code reversions.

Code management examples

  • Git. A widely used distributed version control system that allows developers to track changes, create branches, and merge code with ease.
  • Subversion (SVN). A centralized version control system that requires a single repository for storing code and tracking changes.
  • Mercurial. A distributed version control system similar to Git, with a simpler command structure and built-in support for Windows.

Comparing code management systems

  • Distributed vs. centralized. Distributed systems like Git and Mercurial allow developers to work independently and merge changes later, while centralized systems like SVN require a constant connection to a central repository.
  • Ease of use. Some systems, like Git, have a steeper learning curve, while others, like Mercurial, prioritize simplicity and ease of use.
  • Community and support. Popular systems like Git have extensive community support and integrations with various development tools.

Code management tips

  • Use descriptive commit messages to explain the purpose of code changes.
  • Follow a branching strategy, such as Git Flow or GitHub Flow, to maintain a clean and organized repository.
  • Perform code reviews to maintain code quality and catch potential issues early.