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Adwind

Adwind

Also known as: AlienSpy, Frutas, Unrecom, Sockrat, JSocket, jRat, Adwind RAT, JBifrost

Category: Malware

Type: Trojan

Platforms affected: Windows, macOS, Linux, Android

Damage potential: Surveillance, unauthorized remote access, stolen passwords or login credentials, file theft, ransomware infection, and financial loss.

Overview

Adwind is a highly capable remote access trojan (RAT) that can run on various operating systems, including Windows, macOS, Linux, and Android. The trojan is known for its persistence — it’s designed to remain on the system even after a reboot. Once the trojan infects a device, the attackers may gain unauthorized remote access. An infection could have serious consequences — from personal data theft to ransomware attacks.

Possible symptoms

Like many sophisticated malware types, Adwind uses various techniques to avoid detection (e.g., polymorphic code and encryption). However, an infection may have several possible signs.

  • Unusual network activity, like increased data usage
  • Slower system performance or frequent crashes
  • Suspicious mouse movements or cursor activity
  • Changes to system files or settings
  • Unwanted browser extensions or software
  • Changes to the default homepage or search engine
  • Antivirus or anti-malware software alerts
  • Phishing or spam emails sent from your account
  • Unexplained pop-ups, ads, or redirects

Sources of the infection

Adwind may infect devices in many ways, often involving social engineering tactics. Here are the most common sources of an Adwind infection.

  • Phishing emails. Attackers may send spam emails with infected attachments or links. When these are opened, Adwind automatically executes on the victim’s system.

  • Fake Adobe Flash Player updates. Cybercriminals may create fake software update notifications that appear as pop-ups, tricking users into installing Adwind.

  • Compromised websites. Adwind may spread through malicious websites. Visiting them may trigger automatic drive-by downloads.

  • Software vulnerabilities. Attackers may exploit unpatched security vulnerabilities in software or browsers.

  • File-sharing networks. Adwind may also spread when users unknowingly share infected files on peer-to-peer (P2P) networks.

  • Infected USBs. Cybercriminals may also upload Adwind code to USB drives. Inserting the drive into your computer would infect your system.

Protection

Take these important steps to improve your online security and protect your devices from Adwind.

  • Keep software and browsers up to date. Attackers often exploit security vulnerabilities to spread Adwind. Don’t delay important software or browser updates.

  • Browse sensibly. Don’t click on suspicious links, visit strange websites, or download software from unofficial sources. If you get a prompt to download or execute a program while browsing, think before you act.

  • Beware of phishing emails. Attackers may use spam emails to spread malware. Don’t automatically open emails or their attachments — check for signs of phishing first (e.g., an unusually urgent tone or spelling mistakes).

  • Use Threat Protection. This advanced NordVPN feature blocks malicious websites, protecting you from drive-by downloads. Additionally, it helps prevent malware infections by scanning the files you download.

Removal

Adwind uses various techniques to avoid detection from traditional antivirus software, so removing it may be challenging. You may need to disconnect from the internet and use specialized malware removal software to scan and clean your system. Alternatively, consult a specialist for guidance on safely removing this trojan from your system.

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