(also concurrency bug)
A race condition arises when the functioning of a system is contingent on the relative sequence of events, such as the execution order of threads or processes. In a race condition scenario, multiple threads or processes concurrently access shared data, causing unforeseen or unfavorable results due to inadequate synchronization. This can lead to inconsistent outcomes, data damage, or software failure, posing a major challenge in concurrent programming and multi-threaded environments.
Race conditions and deadlocks are both related to concurrent programming and synchronization issues. While race conditions result from insufficient synchronization leading to unpredictable outcomes, deadlocks occur when multiple processes or threads are blocked, waiting for resources held by each other, resulting in a standstill.
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