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FIPS compliance

FIPS compliance

(also Federal Information Processing Standards compliance)

FIPS compliance definition

FIPS compliance refers to adherence to the Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS), a publicly announced standard developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the USA. These standards are intended for non-military, American government agency and contractor computer systems, and they establish requirements for ensuring computer security and interoperability. Moreover, FIPS compliance is intended for cases where suitable industry standards do not yet exist.

See also: encrypted file transfer

FIPS compliance examples

  • FIPS 140-2: A standard for cryptographic modules, which outlines the requirements for secure encryption and decryption of sensitive data.
  • FIPS 197: A standard specifying the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), a symmetric encryption algorithm used to protect classified information.
  • FIPS 199: A standard defining security categorization for information and information systems based on the potential impact of a security breach.

FIPS compliance benefits and considerations


  • Enhanced security for sensitive data and systems.
  • Increased trust from clients and partners.
  • Improved cybersecurity practices and risk management.


  • Increased complexity and cost of implementing compliant solutions.
  • Potential delays in product development and deployment.

Achieving FIPS compliance

  • Develop or adopt systems that meet FIPS standards for encryption and data protection.
  • Regularly audit systems for FIPS compliance.
  • Work with cybersecurity experts to ensure FIPS compliance in all aspects of system development and operation.

Further reading

Ultimate digital security