Data center architecture definition
Regarding cybersecurity, data center architecture refers to a vast array of fields, like layout, design, and preset configuration or the whole infrastructure components inside the data center. Moreover, it is configured, emphasizing data integrity, confidentiality, and availability. The entire data center architecture is complemented with various security systems, tools, and protection strategies that facilitate and protect data center’s assets if threats and vulnerabilities occur.
See also: Firewall rules
Common data center applications in cybersecurity:
- Multi-factor authentication (MFA) for access:
To access information in the data center, MFA requires users to go through various authentication steps and provide multiple forms of proof. The added security layer ensures that even with a leaked or stolen password, an attacker will still need another factor to gain access. These factors may include biometric data or unique access tokens. These measures add an extra defense layer against unauthorized access and drastically reduce security breach risks.
- Network segmentation and Micro-segmentation:
To limit the lateral movement of potential attackers, network segmentation facilitates by dividing data center networks into multiple zones or segments equipped with their own security strategies, tools, and security policies. Micro-segmentation takes an extra step by isolating workloads and applications, making the attackers work much harder if they aim to move laterally within the network environment.
- Firewall and intrusion prevention systems (IPS) configuration:
Firewalls are responsible for controlling the data traffic that enters and leaves the network, acting as an obstacle between trusted and untrusted networks. While intrusion prevention systems can detect and prevent malicious activities by analyzing the incoming data traffic.