(also Advanced RISC Machine processor)
ARM processor definition
ARM processors are a family of low-power, high-performance microprocessors designed by ARM Ltd. These processors are based on a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) architecture, enabling them to execute tasks with fewer instructions than complex instruction set computing (CISC) processors like x86 CPUs. They are commonly used in mobile devices, embedded systems, and Internet of Things (IoT) devices due to their power efficiency and small form factor.
ARM processor examples
- Apple M1: Apple’s custom ARM-based processor that powers its MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, and Mac mini models.
- Qualcomm Snapdragon: A series of ARM-based processors used in various smartphones and tablets.
- NVIDIA Tegra: ARM-based system-on-a-chip (SoC) used in gaming devices, automotive systems, and IoT devices.
ARM processors vs. x86 processors
ARM processors are known for their power efficiency and small size, making them suitable for mobile and embedded applications. In contrast, x86 processors offer higher performance but consume more power, making them ideal for desktops and servers.
Pros of ARM processors:
- Small form factor.
- Scalable performance.
Cons of ARM processors:
- Limited compatibility with legacy x86 software.
- Lower performance compared to high-end x86 processors.
Tips for using ARM processors
Choose ARM processors for devices requiring low power consumption, such as smartphones, tablets, and IoT devices. For more resource-intensive tasks like gaming or video editing, consider using x86-based systems.