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OpenVPN

Here are the instructions on how to setup OpenVPN connection on EdgeRouter via SSH:

1. Create a new file on your computer and call it nordvpnauth.txt for example. Open it and type in your NordVPN Username in the first line and Password in the second line:

username
password

2. Then go to our recommended server utility here. In the server picker, click on the Show available protocols highlight. Now download the server configuration, and it will have all the information needed for this guide.

3. After downloading the server configuration, please open it, for example, de609.nordvpn.com.udp.ovpn, and modify it. Change this line:

auth-user-pass

to

auth-user-pass /config/openvpn/nordvpnauth.txt

And add an additional line

route-nopull

and then save the file.

4. Your configured file should look like this:

client
dev tun
proto udp
remote 185.142.26.196 1194
resolv-retry infinite
remote-random
nobind
tun-mtu 1500
tun-mtu-extra 32
mssfix 1450
persist-key
persist-tun
ping 15
ping-restart 0
ping-timer-rem
reneg-sec 0
comp-lzo no

remote-cert-tls server

auth-user-pass /config/openvpn/nordvpnauth.txt
route-nopull
verb 3
pull
fast-io
cipher AES-256-CBC
auth SHA512


-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

key-direction 1

#
# 2048 bit OpenVPN static key
#
-----BEGIN OpenVPN Static key V1-----
e685bdaf659a25a200e2b9e39e51ff03
0fc72cf1ce07232bd8b2be5e6c670143
f51e937e670eee09d4f2ea5a6e4e6996
5db852c275351b86fc4ca892d78ae002
d6f70d029bd79c4d1c26cf14e9588033
cf639f8a74809f29f72b9d58f9b8f5fe
fc7938eade40e9fed6cb92184abb2cc1
0eb1a296df243b251df0643d53724cdb
5a92a1d6cb817804c4a9319b57d53be5
80815bcfcb2df55018cc83fc43bc7ff8
2d51f9b88364776ee9d12fc85cc7ea5b
9741c4f598c485316db066d52db4540e
212e1518a9bd4828219e24b20d88f598
a196c9de96012090e333519ae18d3509
9427e7b372d348d352dc4c85e18cd4b9
3f8a56ddb2e64eb67adfc9b337157ff4
-----END OpenVPN Static key V1-----

5. Now access your EdgeMax routers via ssh. For UNIX-like machines:

ssh ubnt@routersIP

type in the password of your EdgeRouter.

6. For Windows devices, download this app: https://www.bitvise.com/ssh-client-download:

7. Then perform these commands:

sudo -i
cd /config/
mkdir openvpn
chmod 770 openvpn

8. If you’re using Linux, disconnect from SSH and then copy the created files nordvpnauth.txt and downloadeded .ovpn file (in this case de609.nordvpn.com.udp.ovpn into your EdgeMax router’s /config/openvpn directory via SCP:

scp nordvpnauth.txt ubnt@routerIP:/config/openvpn
scp de84.nordvpn.com.udp1194.ovpn ubnt@routerIP:/config/openvpn

9. In order to copy these files into the EdgeRouter while using Windows, upload them via SFTP:

10. Then access your router via ssh again and type in:

configure
set interfaces openvpn vtun0 config-file /config/openvpn/de609.nordvpn.com.udp.ovpn
set interfaces openvpn vtun0 description 'OpenVPN VPN tunnel'
commit
set service nat rule 5000 description 'OpenVPN Clients'
set service nat rule 5000 log disable
set service nat rule 5000 outbound-interface vtun0
set service nat rule 5000 source address 192.168.1.0/24
set service nat rule 5000 type masquerade
commit
set protocols static table 1 interface-route 0.0.0.0/0 next-hop-interface vtun0
set firewall modify SOURCE_ROUTE rule 10 description 'traffic from 192.168.1.0/24 to vtun0'
set firewall modify SOURCE_ROUTE rule 10 source address 192.168.1.0/24
set firewall modify SOURCE_ROUTE rule 10 modify table 1
set interfaces ethernet eth1 firewall in modify SOURCE_ROUTE
commit
save

Note: in the last command, it can also be ethernet eth2 depending on the used slot for LAN cable, or switch switch0 if you are using a switch interface.

If you are using different subnet or wish to use only for specific devices, modify 192.168.1.0/24 on all lines to your values.

11. To check the connection log you can type in:

run show log

And scroll down till you see Initialization Sequence Completed. That means your router is successfully connected to our service. You can also check this website to check if you are connected.

Additional notes:

  • To disable a VPN, use the following commands:

    configure
    set interfaces openvpn vtun0 disable
    commit
    save

  • To re-enable VPN back, use the following commands:

    configure
    delete interfaces openvpn vtun0 disable
    commit
    save

  • To change a VPN server, simply upload a new file to your router (step 9) and use the following commands:

    configure
    set interfaces openvpn vtun0 config-file /config/openvpn/new_file.ovpn
    commit
    save